Thursday, October 2, 2014

Evaluating the Ebola Crisis in Africa: How Soon can They come up with a Vaccine?

West Africa is one of the most affected area with the wide spreading disease Ebola virus. The occurrence of the virus began at Guinea in December 2013 but the virus was not detected until March 2014. Researchers said that the first human case of Ebola Virus started from the 2-year-old boy and died last March. The mother of the said child, his little sister and his grandmother then became unwell and died. Since then, people get infected and the virus spread to other villages. In the fifth of September 2014, The World Health Organization and Centers of Disease Control stated that it was around 3685 assumed cases with 1841 deaths.

There are so many difficulties faced attempting to stop the outbreak. Lack of medical equipment and medical personnel as well as lack of soap and water for disinfection are one of these difficulties. Lack of water and sanitation in the area is the most serious thing that made the condition worst. Many hospitals stopped their operations due to lack of staff and afraid of the virus among their patients and other employees that are infected.Medical community is exerting effort heatedly finding the best solution to it. Many organizations and international bodies have donated more funds and gather workers to assist and some charities are also helping in the area.Even political and public health leaders show their sympathy to address the mishap by visiting the region.

World Health Organization agreed from their two days meeting that the blood of Ebola virus survivors can be used to help the infected people to be treated. They all decided that the blood therapies and convalescent serums is a great help to the victims of Ebola virus.There are two vaccines identified and safety results from trials may be available within weeks. This vaccine would be given to health care workers because they are believed to be the most exposed to the disease. Dr. Marie-Paule Kieny an assistant director of World Health Organization said to change the mind setting of everyone from no hope to a realistic hope. The doctor also added that nearly 200 scientist, ethicist and clinicians all over the world had agreed to identify the most promising vaccines and possible treatment and effective strategies for testing them. 

The two vaccine that is not yet tested in human will undergo initial testing to small number of volunteers in Britain, United States and Mali. The prioritization plan of ethicist is that if the initial testing of vaccines were successful it should directly be given to health workers and other staff in West Africa. It is also important to monitor the results to make sure that vaccines were not dangerous and will not cause people prone to the disease. More than 10,000 doses of one vaccine may be presented by the end of 2014. These vaccines were being tested by its developers from GlaxoSmithKline and the United States National Institute of Health and British Consortium.

UN secretary General Ban Ki-moon said to the reporters that the United Nation is making an Ebola Crisis Center. He also said that the number of cases is rising exponentially and the spreading is fast than the response and people are frustrated that it is not being controlled. He added that the goal is to stop Ebola from spreading and this can be done if the urgent response is done in the affected countries and by the international community.

The director of the U.S National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci and other doctors agreed that one way to control the epidemic are some interventions, like health care workers in the field, protective gear, medical care and fast tracking of infected person.

With the vaccine and with the blood from the virus survivors, the problem might be responded directly fighting the disease. But with the number of survivors and with the number of infected, the amount of blood is not enough with the limit of blood amount that can be taken from the survivors. The Ebola patients want a faster response to cure them. They want a chance to be cured. Avery minute is wasted!

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